History of Mining for Gold, Precious Metals, & Home Materials – MOS


The mines of Gonnosfanadiga

Gonnosfanadiga is an agricultural center of about 7500 inhabitants located on the eastern slopes of Mount Linas (see map ). The area was inhabited since the Neolithic, as evidenced by numerous finds and traces of villages. The country comes from the union of two different settlements consolidated over time, one on the right bank of the Riu Perd’e Pibera ( Gonnos = “hill”), the second on the left bank ( Fanadiga , name deriving from the Latin term “fanum” = ” holy place “).

The village suffered the fate of many other settlements in Sardinia: the domination of Rome, first (III century BC – V century AD), Byzantium then (VI – VIII). During the Byzantine rule strong was the penetration of the Oriental monks, as evidenced by the remains of many country churches dating back to that time. The latter is the result of the introduction of olive cultivation, which will play a very important role in the future of the country.

The peripheral condition of the island compared to the center of the Byzantine empire exposed it to the continued Saracen raids. The island was in the position of having to organize its own defense on its own. It is in this context that the judicial organization is consolidated, dividing the island into four more centralized state organizations called judged quarters (IX – XV). The two villages of Gonnos and Fanadiga, increasingly integrated with one another, became part of the Arborea court, which had Oristano as capital.

When Judicial Experience was interrupted by the Aragonese invasion, the village of Gonnosfanadiga and its territory was infused into various feuds that happened over time. This phase was interrupted in the early 1800s, when the administration was settling down with the ” law of the closures “, aimed at favoring the creation of private property in the countryside, ending the feudal organization that had sardined the sardine since the arrival of the Spaniards. It is during this period that enormous cultivation of the olive grows, which gives the Gonnosfanadiga campaign the actual appearance.

Between 1800 and ‘900 the country slowly develops to the present size. On February 17, 1943, Gonnosfanadiga was directly involved in the conflict that shook Europe and the whole world. The country, in fact, undergoes a brief but bloody bombing by allied aviation, which causes a hundred victims.

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